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در نگاه آمایشی پایداری محیط زیست و بازگشت به طبیعت اهمیت خواهد یافت

Temperature-Humidity Index described by fractal Higuchi
Dimension affects tourism activity in the urban environment
of Focşani City (Romania)
Ana-Maria Ciobotaru
&Ion Andronache
&Nilanjan Dey
&Martina Petralli
Mohammad Reza Mansouri Daneshvar
&Qianfeng Wang
&Marko Radulovic
Radu-Daniel Pintilii
Received: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 2 May 2018
#Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018
Abstract
The bioclimatic analysis in the context of urban environment and tourism activity is relatively new in Romania and highly important for
the development of tourism. In the present study, the evidence of increasing air temperature by the Temperature-Humidity Index (THI)was
conducted in the Focşani City, Romania, within the period of 17 years (2001–2017). Bioclimatic conditions were defined for this area by
the relationship between air temperature, relative humidity, and THI. Tourism activities, such as nights spent in the city and arrivals of
tourists in accommodations, were associated with theTHIfor the periods 2001–2016. As theTHIvalues increased, higher tourist activity
was recorded as measured by the overnight stays and arrivals in accommodations. The results of the bioclimatological analysis further
revealed a high discomfort by the low winter temperatures and the high summer heat. The highestTHIvalue, recorded in this period, was
38.5 °C in August 2017, while the lowest was−6.8 °C, in January 2013. The bioclimatic comfort positively correlated with an increase in
the number of arrivals and nights spent, in summer and in early autumn. In this paper, the analysis ofTHIin Focşani City (Romania) was
used as a research example, to show that analysis of extreme temperatures can improve the future characterization of climatic events, its
variability, and spatial pattern. Higuchi Dimension (DH) was used for additional assessment ofTHI, in order to better define its annual and
monthlyTHIcomplexity. The innovative results consist of using theDHto determine the degree of complexity ofTHIoscillations and their
impact on tourism activity. This study reports tools that efficientlydefine periods when conditions are usually unfavorable for tourism. This
information facilitates the decision to increase the tourist offer for this period and thus may help decision-makers in the management of
regional tourism. This can be the basis for future studies on the prevention of negative effects caused by the extreme weather conditions.
KeywordsBioclimatic analysis.Temperature-Humidity Index.Tourism activity

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